THE IMPORTANCE OF MACHINERY IN CONSTRUCTUION

INDUSTRY

The variety of machinery plays an important role in the construction industry. Though the construction industry is more labour- intensive, the modern time demands a rapid speed in construction. The construction industry; being the ‘Mother Industry’ of all other industries, has to shoulder the responsibility of constructing the basic infrastructure for other industries. The construction of roads, water supply schemes, electrical substations and residential colonies; creates the infrastructure. The financial feasibility of other industries depends on the faster completion of the construction projects. Therefore a variety of machines are required to cope-with the required speed, gigantic quantities of items, precision and efficiency.

All the above modern demands can be met with, by using various machines, tools in a construction project. But let us not forget that the efficiency of the various machines depend on their ‘Regular Periodic Maintenance’ (R.P.M.). The otherwise efficient machines can become a devil if not maintained properly. Some of the machines used in the construction industry are tabled overleaf:

Sr.No.

Item of work

Machinery needed

Remark

1.

Excavation

Excavator

 
  

Earthmover

 
  

Transportation fleet-

 
  

dumpers, trucks, tractors with hydraulic trolleys.

 
  

Pneumatic compressors with breakers and jack hammers etc.

 
  

Dewatering diesel or electrical pumps

 
  

Sewage

 

2.

R.C.C. work

Concrete mixer

 
  

Weigh batcher

 
  

Vibrators with different diameters needles.

 
  

Surface vibrators

 
  

Lift with guide rails and scaffoldings

 
  

Wood cutting hand machines

 

3.

Masonry and plaster

Material lifting hoist /lift

 
  

Dubbing (spray) plaster machine

 

4.

Waterproofing

Material lifting hoist

 

5.

Tiling

Tile cutting machine

 
  

Grinder machine

 
  

Buffing machine

 
  

Polishing machine

 
  

Ceramic tile hand cutter

 

6.

Plumbing

Drill machine

 
  

Cutting machine

 
  

Pressure testing machine

 

7.

Joinery work

Drill machine

 
  

Cutter machine

 
  

Lock hole cutting/ drill machine

 

8.

Alumonium windows

Section cutting machine

 
  

Drill machine

 
  

Glass cutter

 

9.

Painting

Compressor with gun for spray painting

 

10.

Fabrication

Section cutting machine

 
  

Bending machine

 
  

Table type drill machine

 
  

Hand drill machine

 
  

Grinding machine

 
  

Welding transformer with holders

 
  

Spray-painting compressor with gun.

 

11.

Electrical work

Cutter machine

 
  

Drill machine

 
  

Crimping machine

 



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