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Carelessness is responsible for a large proportion of Fires, so the owners & occupant of the building should take greater care to avid the out bursts of fire. However the designer of the building should ensure that the premises complies with the rules and regulations formed by the municipal authorities. The rules & regulations may vary from place to place.
What is Fire Fighting System:
Provision of detecting warning and extinguishing equipment to dealing with fires is fire-fighting system.
Requirement: Required if the height of building exceeds 15m from ground level. This system is to be installed compulsorily.
Basic requirements for fire fighting system:
It is important to provide reasonable access to fire fighting tankers to all buildings. It should be possible to drive the fire appliances to the entrance of the building.
Automatic electric fire alarm system consist of detectors fixed in suitable positions on each floor which can be activated by heat, smoke detectors or by manual call points, which operate an electric circuit to give the alarm by the ringing of siren inside as well as outside the building.
The system installed at the ground floor indicates the floor on with the fire is detected. The system can also automatically. Summons the fire brigade if it is attached with telephone connection. In case of manual call point system, the glass of the call point switch is to be broken by hammer that activates the system and the siren blows.
These are required for any building of height above 24m from the ground The lift have a platform area of not less than 1.44m2 and capable of carrying of least 544 kgs. It has a fireman to switch at ground floor level from floor enabling fireman to summon it without the interference from landing call points The switch is placed in a glass fronted box marked Fire Switch at the entrance.
It is an area usually at 24m levels, which is kept as a open hall without internal walls, It should be at the exteriors face of the building. It is a place where in case of fire all the occupants of the building can assemble and can be evacuated by fire fighting personnel.
Portable fire extinguishing cylinders of 5kg of dry chemical powder should be installed at parking, meter room, lift room & transformer room.
The dry powder of the fire extinguisher should be changed as per the expiry date.